Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (* 4. März in Venedig; † Juli in Wien) war ein venezianischer und italienischer Komponist, bedeutender Violinist des. Auch einem gefeierten Komponisten können Karriereknicks widerfahren. Dem Rockstar der Barock-Epoche – Antonio Vivaldi – spielte das Schicksal im späten. Vivaldi Antonio, * 4. März Venedig, † Juli Stadt (Wallerisches Haus beim Kärntnertor; 1, Kärntner Straße 38, Philharmonikerstraße 2, Teil;.
Antonio Vivaldi: Die vier JahreszeitenAuch einem gefeierten Komponisten können Karriereknicks widerfahren. Dem Rockstar der Barock-Epoche – Antonio Vivaldi – spielte das Schicksal im späten. Denn bevor Antonio Vivaldi ein berühmter Komponist wurde, war er zum Priester geweiht worden. Außerdem hatte er feuerrote Haare, was in Italien noch viel. Mit seinem musikalischen Streifzug durch die Jahreszeiten landete Antonio Vivaldi nicht nur gleich reihenweise Hits, sondern inspirierte mit "Le.
Antonio Vivaldi Navigációs menü VideoAntonio Vivaldi - Winter (Full) - The Four Seasons
He composed most of his major works in this position over three decades. The Ospedale was an institution where orphans received instruction -- the boys in trades and the girls in music.
The most talented musicians joined an orchestra that played Vivaldi's compositions, including religious choral music. Under Vivaldi's leadership, the orchestra gained international attention.
In , he was promoted to music director. In addition to his choral music and concerti, Vivaldi had begun regularly writing opera scores by ; about 50 of these scores remain.
His two most successful operatic works, La constanza trionfante and Farnace, were performed in multiple revivals during Vivaldi's lifetime.
In addition to his regular employment, Vivaldi accepted a number of short-term positions funded by patrons in Mantua and Rome. It was during his term in Mantua, from around to , that he wrote his four-part masterpiece, The Four Seasons.
He paired the pieces with four sonnets, which he may have written himself. Vivaldi's fans and patrons included members of European royal families.
One of his cantatas, Gloria e Imeneo , was written specifically for the wedding of King Louis XV. He was also a favorite of Emperor Charles VI, who honored Vivaldi publicly by naming him a knight.
Vivaldi's renown as a composer and musician in early life did not translate into lasting financial success. Eclipsed by younger composers and more modern styles, Vivaldi left Venice for Vienna, Austria, possibly hoping to find a position in the imperial court located there.
He found himself without a prominent patron following the death of Charles VI, however, and died in poverty in Vienna on July 28, He achieved great success with his sacred vocal music , for which he later received commissions from other institutions.
Another new field of endeavour for him opened in when his first opera, Ottone in villa , was produced in Vicenza. Returning to Venice, Vivaldi immediately plunged into operatic activity in the twin roles of composer and impresario.
This was the only full-time post Vivaldi ever held; he seems to have preferred life as a freelance composer for the flexibility and entrepreneurial opportunities it offered.
Based once more in Venice, but frequently traveling elsewhere, he supplied instrumental music to patrons and customers throughout Europe.
After Vivaldi stopped publishing his works, finding it more profitable to sell them in manuscript to individual purchasers. During this decade he also received numerous commissions for operas and resumed his activity as an impresario in Venice and other Italian cities.
Born in Mantua about , she had gone to Venice to further her career as a singer. Her voice was not strong, but she was attractive and acted well.
The French traveler Charles de Brosses reported in with regret that his music was no longer fashionable. The simplicity of his funeral on July 28, , suggests that he died in considerable poverty.
Antonio Vivaldi Article Media Additional Info. During this period Vivaldi wrote the Four Seasons , four violin concertos that give musical expression to the seasons of the year.
Though three of the concerti are wholly original, the first, "Spring", borrows motifs from a Sinfonia in the first act of Vivaldi's contemporaneous opera Il Giustino.
The inspiration for the concertos was probably the countryside around Mantua. They were a revolution in musical conception: in them Vivaldi represented flowing creeks, singing birds of different species, each specifically characterized , barking dogs, buzzing mosquitoes, crying shepherds, storms, drunken dancers, silent nights, hunting parties from both the hunters' and the prey's point of view, frozen landscapes, ice-skating children, and warming winter fires.
Each concerto is associated with a sonnet , possibly by Vivaldi, describing the scenes depicted in the music.
At the height of his career, Vivaldi received commissions from European nobility and royalty. The serenata cantata Gloria e Imeneo RV was commissioned in by the French ambassador to Venice in celebration of the marriage of Louis XV.
Vivaldi's Opus 9, La cetra , was dedicated to Emperor Charles VI. In , Vivaldi met the emperor while the emperor was visiting Trieste to oversee the construction of a new port.
Charles admired the music of the Red Priest so much that he is said to have spoken more with the composer during their one meeting than he spoke to his ministers in over two years.
He gave Vivaldi the title of knight , a gold medal and an invitation to Vienna. Vivaldi gave Charles a manuscript copy of La cetra , a set of concerti almost completely different from the set of the same title published as Opus 9.
The printing was probably delayed, forcing Vivaldi to gather an improvised collection for the emperor. Accompanied by his father, Vivaldi traveled to Vienna and Prague in , where his opera Farnace RV was presented;  it garnered six revivals.
L'Olimpiade and Catone in Utica were written by Pietro Metastasio , the major representative of the Arcadian movement and court poet in Vienna.
La Griselda was rewritten by the young Carlo Goldoni from an earlier libretto by Apostolo Zeno. Like many composers of the time, Vivaldi faced financial difficulties in his later years.
His compositions were no longer held in such high esteem as they once had been in Venice; changing musical tastes quickly made them outmoded.
In response, Vivaldi chose to sell off sizeable numbers of his manuscripts at paltry prices to finance his migration to Vienna. It is also likely that Vivaldi went to Vienna to stage operas, especially as he took up residence near the Kärntnertortheater.
Shortly after his arrival in Vienna, Charles VI died, which left the composer without any royal protection or a steady source of income.
On 28 July, Vivaldi was buried in a simple grave in a burial ground that was owned by the public hospital fund. His funeral took place at St.
Stephen's Cathedral. Contrary to popular legend, the young Joseph Haydn had nothing to do with his burial, since no music was performed on that occasion.
Vivaldi was buried next to Karlskirche , a baroque church in an area which is now part of the site of the TU Wien.
The house where he lived in Vienna has since been destroyed; the Hotel Sacher is built on part of the site.
Memorial plaques have been placed at both locations, as well as a Vivaldi "star" in the Viennese Musikmeile and a monument at the Rooseveltplatz.
Only two, possibly three original portraits of Vivaldi are known to survive: an engraving, an ink sketch and an oil painting.
It exists in two versions: a first jotting kept at the Vatican Library , and a much lesser-known, slightly more detailed copy recently discovered in Moscow.
Vivaldi's music was innovative. He brightened the formal and rhythmic structure of the concerto, in which he looked for harmonic contrasts and innovative melodies and themes.
Many of his compositions are flamboyantly exuberant. Johann Sebastian Bach was deeply influenced by Vivaldi's concertos and arias recalled in his St John Passion , St Matthew Passion , and cantatas.
Bach transcribed six of Vivaldi's concerti for solo keyboard, three for organ, and one for four harpsichords, strings, and basso continuo BWV based upon the concerto for four violins, two violas, cello, and basso continuo RV During his lifetime, Vivaldi was popular in many countries throughout Europe, including France, but after his death his popularity dwindled.
After the end of the Baroque period, Vivaldi's published concerti became relatively unknown, and were largely ignored.
Even his most famous work, The Four Seasons , was unknown in its original edition during the Classical and Romantic periods.
In the early 20th century, Fritz Kreisler 's Concerto in C, in the Style of Vivaldi which he passed off as an original Vivaldi work helped revive Vivaldi's reputation.
This spurred the French scholar Marc Pincherle to begin an academic study of Vivaldi's oeuvre. Many Vivaldi manuscripts were rediscovered, which were acquired by the Turin National University Library as a result of the generous sponsorship of Turinese businessmen Roberto Foa and Filippo Giordano, in memory of their sons.
This led to a renewed interest in Vivaldi by, among others, Mario Rinaldi, Alfredo Casella , Ezra Pound , Olga Rudge , Desmond Chute , Arturo Toscanini , Arnold Schering and Louis Kaufman , all of whom were instrumental in the revival of Vivaldi throughout the 20th century.
In , in a monastery in Piedmont , researchers discovered fourteen folios of Vivaldi's work that were previously thought to have been lost during the Napoleonic Wars.
Some missing volumes in the numbered set were discovered in the collections of the descendants of the Grand Duke Durazzo, who had acquired the monastery complex in the 18th century.
The volumes contained concertos, 19 operas and over vocal-instrumental works. The resurrection of Vivaldi's unpublished works in the 20th century is mostly due to the efforts of Alfredo Casella , who in organized the historic Vivaldi Week, in which the rediscovered Gloria RV and l'Olimpiade were revived.
Since World War II , Vivaldi's compositions have enjoyed wide success. Historically informed performances , often on "original instruments", have increased Vivaldi's fame still further.
Recent rediscoveries of works by Vivaldi include two psalm settings of Nisi Dominus RV , in eight movements and Dixit Dominus RV , in eleven movements.
These were identified in and respectively, by the Australian scholar Janice Stockigt. The Vivaldi scholar Michael Talbot described RV as "arguably the best nonoperatic work from Vivaldi's pen to come to light since […] the s".
Le quattro stagioni The Four Seasons of is his most famous work. Part of Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione "The Contest between Harmony and Invention" , it depicts moods and scenes from each of the four seasons.
This work has been described as an outstanding instance of preth century program music. Vivaldi wrote more than other concertos.
About of these are for solo instrument and strings, of which are for violin, the others being for bassoon , cello , oboe , flute , viola d'amore , recorder , lute , or mandolin.
About forty concertos are for two instruments and strings, and about thirty are for three or more instruments and strings.
As well as about 46 operas, Vivaldi composed a large body of sacred choral music, such as the Magnificat RV Other works include sinfonias , about 90 sonatas and chamber music.
Vivaldi's works attracted cataloging efforts befitting a major composer. Scholarly work intended to increase the accuracy and variety of Vivaldi performances also supported new discoveries which made old catalogs incomplete.
Works still in circulation today may be numbered under several different systems some earlier catalogs are mentioned here. Because the simply consecutive Complete Edition CE numbers did not reflect the individual works Opus numbers into which compositions were grouped, numbers assigned by Antonio Fanna were often used in conjunction with CE numbers.
Despite the awkwardness of having to overlay Fanna numbers onto the Complete Edition number for meaningful grouping of Vivaldi's oeuvre, these numbers displaced the older Pincherle numbers as the re- discovery of more manuscripts had rendered older catalogs obsolete.
This cataloging work was led by the Istituto Italiano Antonio Vivaldi, where Gian Francesco Malipiero was both the director and the editor of the published scores Edizioni G.
His work built on that of Antonio Fanna, a Venetian businessman and the Institute's founder, and thus formed a bridge to the scholarly catalog dominant today.
Like the Complete Edition before it, the RV does not typically assign its single, consecutive numbers to "adjacent" works that occupy one of the composer's single opus numbers.
Its goal as a modern catalog is to index the manuscripts and sources that establish the existence and nature of all known works.
Entitled The Angel and the Red Priest , the play was later adapted for the stage and was performed at the Adelaide Festival of the Arts.
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